Terrain Generators are projects that combine art and programming to generate a nature-like environment known as terrain. Terrain can contain slopes, dirt, trees, cliffs, water, and other things present in the environment. They are often created using stamping and pen techniques and tagged under games, simulations, and art. They can range from simple 2D textured blocks to complex 3D terrains.
Many terrain generators are simply made to showcase the landscapes. Sometimes terrain generators can be incorporated into other types of projects, such as games. A randomly-generated terrain can create a different field of play each time the game is restarted. This can increase the enjoyment every time the game is replayed since the terrain is completely unique. Terrain can also be generated in a scrolling project in real-time as the background scrolls, allowing the screen to scroll an infinite distance. In platformers, randomly generated obstacles can provide a unique challenge.
Creating a Simple 2D Generator
A series of textured tiles that fill up the stage is the easiest example of a basic terrain generator. Some predefined parameters need to be known for this to work: the different number of terrain tiles, the resolution of the terrain tiles, and the costume center point of the tiles. The resolution of the stage is 480x360 pixels, so using tiles with dimensions divisible by the stage's dimensions is preferable to ensure everything fits properly.
Depending on the exact position of the costume center, the scripts need to be tweaked to display the grid perfectly on the stage. Otherwise, all the tiles may end up shifted at a slight offset. For this example, assume the center of the tile costumes is in the very top-left corner of the tile. This is simplest since it requires no offset correction.
Using bitmap graphics is preferred for tile-based terrain generators. Since the tiles are stamped to the stage, vector graphics would lose their sharpness in full screen mode anyway. Bitmap graphics have an exact width and height in pixels, allowing them to be precisely designed for the project.
If the stage is to be filled with 100 tiles in a 10x10 configuration, the resolution of the tiles would need to be 48x36 pixels. This is calculated by dividing the stage's width and height by the number of tiles per column and row. Once all the costumes are designed, a custom block as follows can be used to instantly print out a randomly generated terrain onto the stage.
|Note:||The following custom block should have the "run without screen refresh" option enabled.|
define generate terrain with (rows) rows and (columns) columns and (diff tiles) types of tiles set [tile width v] to ((480) / (columns)) set [tile height v] to ((360) / (rows)) go to x: (-240) y: (180) show repeat (rows) repeat (columns) switch costume to (pick random (1) to (diff tiles)) stamp change x by (tile width) end change y by ((0) - (tile height)) //jump down a row set x to (-240) //start on left side again end hide
There are a couple downsides of this very simple custom block. Firstly, it does not support any type of scrolling or zooming; support for those would require more complexity. Secondly, it simply picks an entirely random tile rather than placing similar tiles adjacent to one another. For example, water is generally found as a body, such as a pond or lake. With the above script, water tiles may be placed sporadically apart from each other and surrounded by other vastly different tiles. This may not be a good representation of an actual terrain.
This can be fixed by incorporating logic into what specific tiles are chosen to be placed. The best method is to create a list that will contain the costume numbers of the tiles meant to be stamped. An AI script can then begin filling up the list by starting with a random tile but then only picking a similar tiles for the ones surrounding that initial tile. If similar tiles are placed around each other, there can be more smooth transitions into different parts of the terrain.
Creating Terrain for Games (2D)
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This is how to create a sprite-clone system is used to create terrain for a moving sprite.
First, make a sprite with at least 4 different costumes. 1 will be used for the ground. Put these scripts in that sprite:
define Generate terrain show switch costume to [what costume is the floor] go to x: (0) y: (depends on where the ground is) repeat (however many clones are needed) create clone of [myself v] end wait (3) secs //this can be a "wait until" block to wait for other scripts to complete broadcast [done v] when I start as a clone switch costume to (pick random (1) to (costume number of ground costume, preferably last- 1) go to [random position v] repeat until <touching color [ground (also preferably land) color] ?> if <not <touching color [ground (also preferably land) color] ?>>then go to [random position v] end when green flag clicked Generate terrain
It has some flaws however. For example, the floor and structures are the same color, floating islands can generate, or the player can get stuck.
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