An animation project is a project that generally consists of a sequence of images of the motion of objects to create a video. On Scratch, users make short movies, music videos, comical shorts, and more through a variety of techniques. Animation can involve programming sprites to talk, move, and interact. Sometimes, programmers may use animations as tutorials to show others how to do something. Sometimes animations use little to no programming and consist of a sequence of images played in consecutive order quickly. Scratch provides the project creator with the freedom to make an animation in any desired manner.
- 1 Common Features
- 2 Types
- 3 Examples
- 4 See Also
- Main article: Lip Sync
Lip syncing involves moving a mouth at the right timing of the sound. Many animations have this feature. Realistic and perfect lip sync is very complicated to reproduce as mouth shapes need to be recorded. A trick that a lot of animators use is making a sprite with different costumes, all different mouth shapes, and then using the wait () secs block in between costume changes. A list can also be used, containing the amount of time to wait before switching to the next costume to reduce block clutter.
Outside of Scratch, lip syncing generally refers to when a musical artist's microphone is turned off yet they sing the song to their own prerecorded vocals. Likewise, if the singer's mouth replicates the vocals simultaneously being played out of the speakers, it is considered to be well-done lip syncing.
Syncing to the Viewer's Microphone
Scratch has the capabilities to animate the mouth based on the volume input of a project viewer's microphone. The loudness block takes a constant measurement of 0-100 representing the volume of the sound input. If the loudness value is higher, a costume with a more opened mouth can be switched to. A custom block to animate a mouth based on the volume input is as follows:
define animate mouth with number of costumes (costumes) forever if <not <(loudness) = [-1]>> then //make sure mic is actually recognized if <(loudness) = > then //since no costume 0 exists switch costume to [costume 1 v] else switch costume to ([ceiling v] of ((costumes) * ((loudness) / (100)))) end end end
- Main article: Walk Cycles
A walk cycle is an animation of some character walking. Sometimes the background scrolls in a loop, too, to make it seem like the character is actually displacing. The most common method is to have a sequence of costumes in which the sprite rapidly and continually switches to the next. When it gets to the end, it switches back to the first costume. Because of this, the last costume needs to lead into the first costume to make the walk cycle continuous.
A studio containing many walk cycles can be found here.
This is a special kind of Stop Motion Animation, made by importing many frames of a 3D object made with a 3D creation application like Blender or Google Sketchup, and running them in quick succession in Scratch to give a 3D rotation effect.
Animated Music Video
- Main article: Music Projects#AMV
AMV stands for "Animated Music Video." Usually these are projects that features a main sprite singing or interacting in a song uploaded from a local device. AMVs also can contain features as sprites moving their mouth with the song and animations.
Barrier Grid Animation
This type of animation is uncommon. They usually consist of two sprites, a frame and an image. The frame is a black rectangle with single-pixel strips every 5 pixels along its width. The image is actually a composition of many frames of a simple animation, made by extracting single-pixel strips and laying them in order. When the frame is dragged over the image, only the strips of one frame are visible (through the holes in the frame) at a time; thus the image appears to move.
These are created by repeatedly taking pictures of a clay sculpture, changing it minimally each time, so that when the pictures are played in quick succession, the sculpture appears to move. These are hard to make and thus not very popular. They also usually have very large file sizes.
- Main article: Screamer
A Screamer is an animation which suddenly breaks off and shows a scary picture to frighten or surprise a viewer. Excessively violent/distressing pictures for the "scream" are discouraged and these projects should be reported.
Stop motion animation is less common on Scratch than animation programming, but also widely used. In a stop motion animation, pictures are taken or scenes are drawn, and then put together using scripts like these. This style requires uploading photos from a picture-taking device and putting them into frames. These do not often get famous, though they require much more work to create (as each frame needs to be drawn individually in the case of a drawn stop motion).
Speedpaints involve an animation of a piece of art being drawn over time. To do this, the artist will draw the very small part of the art, duplicate the costume, continue but draw a little bit, and repeat until the art is done. Speedpaints are often time-consuming and usually require hundreds of costumes to be reproduced. The projects show drawings that are drawn speedily, part-by-part, and automatically. They are made by using different costumes. The costumes are the process of drawing the sprite.
These animations are similar to regular animations except that they use pixel art sprites, usually pre-existing ones from 8/16-bit video games. Popular sprites include characters from Mario, Sonic the Hedgehog, Pokemon etc. Despite being popular in Scratch 1.4, they have declined since the release of Scratch 2.0.
- Main article: MAP
Multi-animator projects are collaborative projects made by a group of individuals instead of one person. Each member has a designated chunk of the animation to create, and eventually all the pieces are put together to form one whole. Slicing up parts of the animation and assigning them to different people can speed up the process of creating a large animation.
An animated series is a group of animations that simultaneously have their own plotlines and all follow one large plotline. Some animated series have many episodes and reach the Front Page. Some animated series hold voice actor auditions, but others only use voices from the creator of the series or simply use text and no sound at all.
- Bricks by Hobson-TV
- The Colour Divide by bubble103
- Lyrics Taken Literally- Classic Rock Edition by Evan2963
- The Wand by D_i_a_v_l_o
- TheFourthFaction by TheFarEnd
- Beautiful Girl! by FuzzFerretTM (uses Sonic the Hedgehog sprites)
- Hey Mario! by gamer5678 (uses Mario sprites)
MAPs (Multi-animators projects)
Animated Music Videos
- Guncakes AMV by TurboKitten
- I'm A Cat AMV by -BlobbyFish-
- Music Video - Spongebob (Gary's Song) by 21dmeronk
Barrier Grid Animations
- Giant Lego Stop Motion by SunsethProductions
- The Band - Lego Stop-Motion by -SMS-
- Water (Stop Motion) by _-TheAndOnly-_