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Latest revision as of 21:20, 8 January 2019
A Main Menu is a menu, usually used in games, placed at the beginning of a project. It allows the user to decide to play the game, or use other features within the project, such as character customization. Main menus mostly consist of various buttons for accessing the different parts of a project. For this tutorial, it is assumed that the majority of the project's body is complete.
Broadcasting is useful for main menus because it allows them to be easily pulled up multiple times in a project. It avoids the need to click the green flag to navigate back to the menu. The broadcast used in this tutorial is named
In order to start, you will need to replace most "When Green Flag Clicked" script with "When I receive [openMenu]" scripts, likely with exceptions. It's recommended to plan for this in advance, and not use "When Green Flag Clicked" hats for the main menu,
For example, one's original script might look like this:
when gf clicked forever if <key [left arrow v] pressed?> then change x by (-10) end if <key [right arrow v] pressed?> then change x by (10) end if <key [space v] pressed?> then broadcast [jump v] end
But after the modification, it would look like this:
when I receive [start game v] forever if <key [left arrow v] pressed?> then change x by (-10) end if <key [right arrow v] pressed?> then change x by (10) end if <key [space v] pressed?> then broadcast [jump v] end
After this, make a separate backdrop for your title screen that includes your title and a new sprite named "Start Button". Inside this sprite, make two scripts:
when I receive [openMenu v] show switch backdrop to [Title Backdrop v]
The "Play" button is used for triggering the project to begin. Most often, when the button is clicked a message will be sent signaling the game to begin. The following script represents this:
When this sprite clicked broadcast [start_game v] switch backdrop to [Gameplay Backdrop v] hide
Now when someone starts the project, it will show the menu instead of starting the game automatically.
Adding Title Music
You can also add title music to your game.
Variables you will need:
In any sprite, create a script like this one:
|Note:||Do this after you've created your menu. Do not convert this into a "start_game" script.|
when gf clicked set [Main Menu? v] to (1) forever if <(Main Menu?)>> then play sound [Title Music v] until done end
This script says that if you are on the main menu, it will play the music.
Now, you will need to modify your Start Button script: Change it from this:
when this sprite clicked broadcast [start_game v] switch backdrop to [Gameplay Backdrop v] hide
when this sprite clicked broadcast [start_game v] set [Main Menu? v] to (0) stop all sounds switch backdrop to [Gameplay Backdrop v] hide
This prevents the title music from playing again, and then just stops it altogether.